A concussion is a traumatic brain injury that results from a bump, blow or jolt to the body, neck or head that causes the brain to move rapidly back-and-forth in the skull. The force of injury creates functional changes in the brain that cause short-lived symptoms of neurological injury. When managed properly, a concussion can resolve quickly (within 2-4 weeks) and without consequence.
There is no way to know for certain whether a particular event will lead to a concussion. A relatively minor impact may result in a concussion while a higher-magnitude hit may not.
Being knowledgeable about the signs and symptoms is the first step to recognizing a suspected instance of concussion in school or at off-site school events. The translation of concussion knowledge into practice means reaching out to four main groups of people:
coaches/trainers and teachers
students and athletes
school boards, athletic associations and referee associations
appears dazed or stunned
confused about assignment or position
forgets an instruction
is unsure of game, score or appointment
answers questions slowly
loses consciousness (even briefly)
exhibits mood, behavior or personality changes
can't recall events prior to hit or fall
headache or pressure in head
nausea or vomiting
balance problems or dizziness
double or blurry vision
sensitivity to light
sensitivity to noise
feeling sluggish, hazy, foggy or groggy
concentration or memory problems
just does not "feel right"
If a child or youth shows any of the following 'Red Flag' symptoms, CALL 911 immediately.
neck pain or tenderness
weakness or tingling/ burning in arms or legs
severe or increasing headache
seizure or convulsion
loss of consciousness
deteriorating conscious state
increasingly restless, agitated, or combative