A concussion is a traumatic brain injury that results from a bump, blow or jolt to the body, neck or head that causes the brain to move rapidly back-and-forth in the skull. The force of injury creates functional changes in the brain that cause short-lived symptoms of neurological injury. When managed properly, a concussion can resolve quickly (within 2-4 weeks) and without consequence.
There is no way to know for certain whether a particular event will lead to a concussion. A relatively minor impact may result in a concussion while a higher-magnitude hit may not.
Being knowledgeable about the signs and symptoms is the first step to recognizing a suspected instance of concussion in school or at off-site school events. The translation of concussion knowledge into practice means reaching out to four main groups of people:
If a child or youth shows any of the following 'Red Flag' symptoms, CALL 911 immediately.