Carson Graham Secondary
North Vancouver School District
Social Studies Courses

Individuals and Societies 8 
Social Studies 8 curriculum focuses on world civilizations from 500-1600. Its intent is to aid students in discovering their place in our complex, changing world. Basic geographic skills and principles are introduced. Global concerns are addressed in current event units and through the study of world religions. The history units focus on developments in Europe that carry forward into our modern world: Medieval Life, the Renaissance, the Reformation and Exploration. Through these investigations students begin developing the skills necessary to become lifelong learners.
This course has a common school-based Final Exam.

Individuals and Societies 9
Social Studies 9 curriculum focuses on the early modern world from 1600-1800. Geographic skills and principles are integrated in the units that focus on developments in Europe and North America. Students will investigate the political, economic and social forces that fuelled demographic change whether evolutionary or revolutionary. These themes and principles will be used to examine current events in the world at large in order to develop global awareness. Over the course of the year, students will become more knowledgeable of the revolutionary changes that accompanied first contact and the development of our modern political and economic systems.
This course has a common school-based Final Exam.
Individuals and Societies 10  4 credits
Social Studies 10 curriculum focuses on the study of Canadian nationhood from 1815. The major themes are: the evolution of our bicultural nation, the development of responsible government, Confederation and the growth of Western Canada. Canada’s relationship with the United States and other countries is explored in current events units that will aid students in developing a global perspective. Students will also engage in an inquiry-based research project on a self-selected aspect of local or regional history, focusing on how our historical past continues to shape and define our present day communities.
This course has a common school-based Final Exam.
IB HISTORY 11 (SL) 4 credits
IB HISTORY 11 (HL) 4 credits

IB HISTORY 12 (SL) 4 credits
IB HISTORY 12 (HL) 4 credits
IB History (HL) is a two year course that focuses on the history of the Americas and provides students with a dual perspective: an in-depth chronological study of one region of the world, and a broad comparative analysis of many countries’ responses to the forces, events and personalities of the 20th Century. The topics and subjects of study selected for this course, including an investigation of the rise and development of democratic states in the twentieth century, their interdependencies, challenges and tensions, will be explored in detail within the context of attempts at peacemaking and peaceful coexistence in international and cultural relations. The students are encouraged to reflect on the role of the historian. Does the historian record history or create it? Can the historian be free of bias in the selection and interpretation of material? Could it be reasonably argued that the individual perception of the historian, despite possible bias, is necessary or even desirable in the interpretation and recording of history?
History (HL) may be offered as an IB Certificate course for students in regular stream courses who wish to extend their learning to a first year university level. At certain institutions (students must research the transfer credit policy of their university-of-choice), students who achieve a score of 5, 6, or 7 as their final grade may receive university transfer credit for a first year History course. 
Note:  the IBO Registration Fee and IB Exam Fee are charged in the second year of the course.
IB GEOGRAPHY 11 (SL) 4 credits
IB GEOGRAPHY 11 (HL) 4 credits

IB GEOGRAPHY 12 (SL) 4 credits
IB GEOGRAPHY 12 (HL) 4 credits
IB Geography (HL) is a two year course of study that seeks to understand the differences in patterns of human distribution, interrelationships between human society and the physical environment, people’s use of the Earth in time and space and how these differences are related to people’s cultures and economies. Geographers recognize that interaction between humans and their environment has always been mutual, and that the growth of technology has increased the human capacity to modify the environment. At the core of the syllabus are the interrelated themes of population, resources and development, with the latter encompassing concepts derived from both economic and quality-of-life principles. Accompanying the core is a series of options in physical geography, each stressing issues of human management and response. A second series of options in human geography addresses the concept of the region and a sense of place, forms of settlement, and human production activities in agriculture, manufacturing and globalization. A third section provides an option demonstrating the importance of site in providing constraints on, and opportunities for, human activity and therefore affecting the landscape. Skill-oriented, and highlighting the distinctive use of mapping and similar techniques used by geographers, the option seeks to integrate human and physical aspects of the subject through topographic maps, other maps and images.
Geography (HL) may be offered as an IB Certificate course for students in regular stream courses who wish to extend their learning to a first year university level. At certain institutions (students must research the transfer credit policy of their university-of-choice), students who achieve a score of 5, 6, or 7 as their final grade may receive university transfer credit for a first year Geography course.
Note: the IBO Registration Fee and IB Exam Fee are charged in the second year of the course.
Students will examine the concepts and mechanisms of cultural change from a range of times and places from a wide variety of perspectives. Specific subject areas include anthropology, art and music history, sociology, philosophy and history. The course is ideal for students who are planning post-secondary studies in the Arts. 
This course has a common school-based Final Exam.
ECONOMICS 12  4 credits
In Economics 12 students learn the basic components of the economic organization of society. Topics include: economic systems, fiscal and monetary policy, taxation, international trade, production and distribution of goods, and the use of scarce resources. Emphasis is placed on how the economic system is affected by current Canadian and world events. 
This course has a common school-based Final Exam.

HISTORY 12  4 credits
History 12 is the study of the social, political and ideological developments of the 20th Century between the years 1917-1991. It traces the effects of World War I and Versailles, the rise of communism and fascism, and the effects of the Great Depression culminating in World War II. From there, the course examines the rise of the United States and the Soviet Union as superpowers and how their mutual antagonism shaped the post-war period. The course also examines developments in non-western nations in Asia, Africa, the Middle East and South America.
This course has a common school-based Final Exam.
LAW 12  4 credits
Law 12 is a survey course covering the fundamentals of the Canadian legal system. Activities are designed to challenge students through a critical, reflective inquiry into our legal system and the ways in which it attempts to administer justice on our behalf. In the course of our investigations, students engage in a variety of activities including mock trials, debates, field trips, presentations and cooperative inquiry. Core topics include criminal law, trials, sentencing and corrections, Youth Criminal Justice Act, the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, human rights legislation in BC, intentional and negligence torts, contracts, family law.  Other topics will also be explored including environmental law, aboriginal legal issues, employment law and international law, depending on available time and student interest.
This course has a common school-based Final Exam.​

Social Studies Senior Courses 


Courses are listed in alphabetical order


20th Century History 11  4 credits

This course will focus on the history of the 20th Century including the rise and rule of authoritarian regimes, civil wars, independence movements and revolutions. Global conflicts including World War I, World War II, and the Cold War will also be covered.  Human rights movements including those of Indigenous peoples, as well religious, ethnic and or cultural conflicts including genocide, will be explored including the impacts of migrations, movements and territorial boundaries. Interdependence, international cooperation, social and cultural development including mass consumption and production of communication and transportation technologies are also studies during this course.

Comparative Cultures 11 4 credits

This course will focus on the themes of definitions of culture and how these have changed over time including the elements of culture and cultural expression, interactions and exchange between cultures and the natural environment.  In addition there will be an examination of conflict and conflict resolution within and between cultures, the systems of power, authority and governance and what role value and belief systems play in the development of culture.

Contemporary Indigenous Studies 12  4 credits

This course will focus on the varied identities and worldviews of Indigenous peoples, and the importance of the interconnection of family relationships, language, culture and the land. There will be a further exploration of factors that sustain and challenge the identities and worldviews of Indigenous peoples including building an understanding of colonial impacts and the resilience and survival of Indigenous peoples. Students will gain an understanding of the process and issues involved in the development of community partnerships and economic opportunities. This course further examines the responses to inequities in the relationships of indigenous peoples with governments in Canada and globally. Students will have the opportunity to develop an understanding of the Truth and Reconciliation process in Canada and around the world.

Economics 12  4 credits

This course will focus on developing understandings of economic thought before Adam Smith, including the classical theories of value, growth and distribution. Students will have the opportunity to learn about classical economic thought on money, banking and economic policy. Marxist economics and neoclassical economics including the role of the markets, Keynesian theory of money, investment and cycles, neoclassical synthesis will be covered. Contemporary economic thought and behavioral economics will also be examined.

Genocide Studies 12  4 credits

This course will focus on the origins and development of the tern 'genocide' and the economic, political, social and cultural conditions of genocide. Students will study the characteristics, stages and strategies to commit genocide by focusing on acts of mass violence and atrocities in different global regions. An analysis of the uses of technology to promote and carry out genocide will also be covered. Students will learn about the recognition and responses to genocide including the controversies regarding denial and attempts to minimize the scope of genocides globally. Students will examine the evidence use to demonstrate the scale and nature of genocide and how this is influenced and impacted by international law.

Human Geography 11  4 credits

This course examines where and why human activities occur across the global. It is a critical study of the human experience and the origins of cultural and economic patterns. Students analyze the relationship between human activities and their impact on the environment. It also encourages the development of international awareness by examining contemporary issues such as poverty, sustainability and resource consumption. As the course progresses, students deepen their understanding of the challenges the world faces by exploring themes such as urbanization and the uneven access to health and food. While thinking globally, students act locally to build an awareness of their own responsibility to their community. Supporting this, the fieldwork component of the course will be on a local scale where students collect and analyze data then present their work in a written report.

Law Studies 12  4 credits

This course focuses on the key areas of law including criminal, civil and family law. Students will learn about the foundations of Canadian law, including the structures and powers of the federal and provincial courts and administrative tribunals. The course examines the Constitution of Canada and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Students will have the opportunity to learn about legislation concerning First Peoples, the role of the judiciary as a constitutional check, the correctional system, laws regarding children and youth. This course also studies legal resources and services and the structures and roles of global dispute resolutions agencies.

Physical Geography 12  4 credits

This course will focus on the features and processes of plate tectonics and their effects on human and natural systems. Students will learn about natural disasters and their effects on humans and natural systems. Climate, weather and interactions between humans and the atmosphere will also be covered. Students will also learn about the characteristics of global biomes, including climate, and vegetation, natural resources and sustainability.

Political Studies 11  4 credits

This course will focus on the structure and function of Canadian and First Peoples political institutions. Students will learn about major ideologies and political systems, the election process and electoral systems. Power relationships between citizens, government and other bodies in the creation of public policy will be covered as well as the scope and characteristics of the international systems. Students will study issues in local, regional and national politics as well as global politics including security, conflict management, development and sustainability. The role of mass media in democratic societies will also be explored.

 Psychology 12   4 credits

 *Please note that this course does not fulfill the Grade 11/12 Social Studies requirement as it is a locally developed course
Psychology 12 is a course that provides students with an understanding of mental processes and human behaviour. Through the exploration of basic concepts in modern psychology, this course offers a general overview of the five major psychological domains: methods, neuroscience, cognitive, social, and developmental. This course has been designed to help students recognize the key role that psychology plays in contemporary affairs of humankind. Students will learn to critically think about human behaviour and communicate ideas about associated behavioral complexities. As students develop greater awareness of their relationship to oneself and others through psychological frameworks, they will have opportunities to explore various topics including: the historical roots of psychology, personality, neuroscience, mindfulness, development, sensation, perception, learning, memory, intelligence, emotion, stress, motivation, social psychology and psychological disorders.