Carson Graham Secondary
North Vancouver School District
Science Courses

science.jpg 
https://westlane.dsbn.org/images/logos/banner_science.jpg?sfvrsn=0

SCIENCE 8
Science 8 introduces students to the basics of science. Students apply and develop an understanding of the scientific method throughout the course. The course includes Physics with an emphasis on fluids and optics. The relationship to fluids is expanded on in Earth Science with the introduction of water systems as they relates to the importance and effects of water on the environment. The Biology unit introduces the cell as the basic unit of life and how organisms are made up of systems working together. Immunity describes the ways by which an organism protects itself from harm. Students will gain an appreciation of the inter-connectedness of life and abiotic elements in the environment.
This course has a common school-based Final Exam.

SCIENCE 9 
This course continues the study of Chemistry, Biology, and Physics and introduces Astronomy. In the Chemistry unit students focus on atomic theory, the periodic table, using chemical symbols for elements and ionic compounds.  In the Biology unit the students develop an understanding about cell division, as well as asexual and sexual reproduction.  During Electricity, electric charge, electric current, electric circuits and electrical energy as well as electricity safety are studied. During Astronomy students investigate technologies used to study the universe, characteristics and components of the solar system, the Earth Moon system and the implications of space travel.
This course has a common school-based Final Exam.

SCIENCE 10  4 credits
Science 10 expands on the student’s knowledge of Biology, Chemistry, Earth Science and Physics.  The Biology component focuses on Sustainability of Ecosystems with students assessing the significance of natural phenomena and human factors within ecosystems. The Chemistry unit continues the grade 9 study of chemical reactions with emphasis on factors affecting reaction rate. Radioactivity is explored using the atomic theory. The Physics component examines the factors that affect motion and demonstrates the relationship between velocity, time, and acceleration. The Earth Science unit re-examines thermal energy and its effect on natural systems, as well as a comprehensive examination of plate tectonics.
Science 10 has a Provincial Final Exam worth 20%.

BIOLOGY 11  4 credits
Centred on the study of the diversity of living organisms including from microbes, to plants, and animals, Biology 11 focuses on the common themes of adaptation and evolution. The course presents Biology as an open and growing field of challenging problems awaiting solutions.  A large amount of microscopic and dissection lab work accompanies the biological theory of this course. By the end of the course students will be aware of the great diversity of Earth’s organisms and of their relationships to each other.
This course has a common school-based Final Exam.
 
IB BIOLOGY 11 (HL) 4 credits
IB BIOLOGY 11 (SL) 4 credits

IB BIOLOGY 12 (HL) 4 credits
IB BIOLOGY 12 (SL) 4 credits
IB Biology is a two-year course of study designed to provide students with an understanding of the important underlying biological themes through a focus on acquiring a body of factual knowledge. Four basic biological concepts run through this body of knowledge: the relationship between structure and function; the theme of universality versus diversity; the occurrence of equilibrium within living and non-living systems; and, evolution as an underlying concept for understanding life on Earth. Students will become knowledgeable about the ideas and concepts fundamental to biology and will be challenged to think about how biology and emerging biological technologies exist within a global context. Laboratory work forms an integral part of the course.
 
Biology (HL) may be offered as an IB Certificate course for students in regular stream courses who wish to extend their learning to a first-year university level. At certain institutions (students must research the transfer credit policy of their university-of-choice), students who achieve a score of 5, 6, or 7 as their final grade may receive university transfer credit for a first year Biology course.
Note: the IBO Registration Fee and IB Exam Fee are charged in the second year of the course.
 
CHEMISTRY 11  4 credits
Chemistry 11 provides students with basic concepts required for future chemistry courses. The course is theory based with a strong emphasis on quantitative aspects. A strong background in math is recommended. Key concepts include: lab skills, writing chemical equations, the mole, predicting amounts in chemical reactions, atomic structure, chemical bonding and organic chemistry.
This course has a common school-based Final Exam.
 
IB CHEMISTRY 11 (HL) 4 credits
IB CHEMISTRY 11 (SL) 4 credits

IB CHEMISTRY 12 (HL) 4 credits
IB CHEMISTRY 12 (SL) 4 credits
IB Chemistry (HL/SL) is an experimental science that combines academic study with the acquisition and development of practical and investigational skills. This two-year course aims to balance the needs of a content-oriented syllabus with the development of the critical-thinking skills required by an experimental scientist. The course reflects the need to ensure that the qualifications will be met for students wishing to enter university study in the sciences; it will also develop students’ investigational skills in the use of the scientific method, involving the formation, testing and modification of a hypothesis through observation and measurement, under the controlled conditions of an experiment. The course will also allow the students to develop their problem-solving and analytical skills, as well as provide opportunities for the students to become more aware of the moral, ethical, social, economic and environmental implications of using science and technology. Laboratory work forms an integral part of the course.
 
Chemistry (HL) may be offered as an IB Certificate course for students in regular stream courses who wish to extend their learning to a first year university level. At certain institutions (students must research the transfer credit policy of their university-of-choice), students who achieve a score of 5, 6, or 7 as their final grade may receive university transfer credit for a first year Chemistry course.
Note: the IBO Registration Fee and IB Exam Fee are charged in the second year of the course.
  
EARTH SCIENCE 11  4 credits
Earth Science 11 is a survey course designed to introduce students to the diverse aspects of earth and space science, and offers applications to the real world. Earth science topics include rocks and minerals, plate tectonics, volcanoes, earthquakes, ocean and weather sciences and the history of life on Earth.  This course will look at some of these aspects focusing on a local perspective. Space science topics include planets and the solar system, stars, galaxies, and deep space objects such as quasars and black holes.
If you like learning about our planet and space science, this course will be an interesting way to obtain the Grade 11 science course credit toward graduation. If you are considering an earth science as an academic field, career, or a vocation, this course will also give you the basis for an informed decision.
This course has a common school-based Final Exam.
 
PHYSICS 11  4 credits
In this course students will discover a number of introductory physics concepts, as well as developing some of the skills that scientists have used throughout the centuries to answer questions about their reality. This course is widely recognized as providing a solid foundation for any student who wants to enter medicine, the biological sciences, architecture or the arts.
This course has a common school-based Final Exam.
 
IB PHYSICS 11 (SL) 4 credits
IB PHYSICS 12 (SL) 4 credits
The purpose of this two-year course is to provide students with an understanding of both the theoretical and practical nature of physics and to increase facility in the use of mathematics, which is the language of physics. This course will provide students the opportunity to explore physics as it was developed historically from about Galileo’s time up to the present. A key objective is to challenge students to think about how physical principles have been applied to construct and alter the material world to suit our needs. This raises the issue of the impact of physics on society, the moral and ethical dilemmas, and the social, economic and environmental implications of the work of physicists. These concerns have become more prominent as our power over the environment has grown. Students will also explore the international context within which physics exists and examine issues from more than one side. Laboratory work forms an integral part of this course.
 
Physics(SL) may be offered as an IB Certificate course for students in regular stream courses who wish to extend their learning to a first year university level. At certain institutions (students must research the transfer credit policy of their university-of-choice), students who achieve a score of 4, 5, 6, or 7 as their final grade may receive university transfer credit for a first year Physics course.
Note: the IBO Registration Fee and IB Exam Fee are charged in the second year of the course.
 
SCIENCE and TECHNOLOGY 11  4 credits
Science and Technology 11 is concerned with inventions and discoveries, and the ways in which science and technology affect the well being of individuals and of global society. The course gives students opportunities to appreciate the history of science, technology, and human thought; to learn ethical, responsible decision-making; and to learn to take innovative approaches to the challenges of life.
This course has a common school-based Final Exam.
 
Geology 12 4 credits
This inquiry-based course expands on the geology units taught in Earth Science 11. It prepares students for university courses in Geophysics, Geology, Volcanology, and the oil and mining industry. Using a scientific approach, geological evidence is interpreted to tell the story of the history of the Earth. The following topics are covered: Earth Materials, Time and the Fossil Record, Internal Processes, Surface Processes, and the Geology of the Solar System. Prerequisite: Science 10​

BIOLOGY 12  4 credits
Biology 12, intended for students who have enjoyed and done well in Biology 11, focuses on human biology, fostering student interest in and understanding of science by looking at themselves (human body) and seeing the diversity of body systems and how they work together. Laboratory skills are practiced in hypothetical and practical situations. The course will cover topics from cell structure and biochemical processes to the organ systems of the human body.  It is highly recommended that student have taken either Chemistry 11 or Biology 11.
This course has a common school-based Final Exam.
 
CHEMISTRY 12  4 credits
Chemistry 12 extends the concepts of Chemistry 11 and helps to prepare students for post-secondary studies in the field of chemistry. This course looks at the various applications of chemical equilibrium including solubility, acids plus bases and electrochemistry. Lab work will accompany the chemical theory and quantitative aspects of the course.  A strong foundation in Chemistry 11 is highly recommended.
This course has a common school-based Final Exam.
 
PHYSICS 12  4 credits
Through a combination of thought experiments, demonstrations, hands-on learning and lab experiments, this Physics 12 course will focus on building a student’s critical thinking and problem solving skills. Students will explore the two-dimensional aspects of many of the physical phenomena that they encountered in Physics 11, while extending this prior knowledge into previously unexplored topics such as circular motion, gravitation, electrostatics, electric circuits and electromagnetism.
This course has a common school-based Final Exam.